Saturday, October 26, 2013

Incumbency Advantage - A Full Literature Review

In the current literature review, eight sources were cited, discussing the role of tenure in the re-election process. Historically, superjacents are rarely defeated for re-election. The query in to each one of the articles describes the profits of being an superjacent. Most sources collected entropy from congressional elections, although or so statistics were gathered from local elections. Overall, the research suggests being an incumbent does, indeed, stand a great advantage in the electoral process. The primary article, entitled House Re-elections and the Senate Defeats: The situation of the Challenger by Barbara Hinckley, examined incumbent re-election circa the late 1970s. This study lay out and incumbent was overwhelmingly belike to win re-election and win by larger margins than victorious non-incumbents. certain(a) factors of mastery for each incumbent accommodate: visibility, office support, and a generally positive reputation. Other factors which unde rpin different weights included: voters information and incumbents activity. According to the article, voters information was specify as an incumbency that provides an easy voting cue in the general low-information linguistic context of the congressional voting. Therefore, when the challenger was non familiar, the incumbent gained an advantage in the contest. Incumbents activity categorized incumbents as bureaucratic errand runners, credit claimers for federal official projects in their districts, and performers of another(prenominal) non-controversial services. Overall, incumbents work hard at creating and maintaining a positive reputation. is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!
In the Senate, the following incumbe! nt advantages were present: visibility, affect, and incumbency itself. In the 1978 election, 61 percent of voters voted for incumbents in the Senate, and 68 percent of incumbents really won re-election in their respective states. In the House of Representatives, challengers visibility, in scathe of recognition and contact, was marked lower than the incumbents and other non-incumbents. tenure itself was besides a small additional influence to the success of incumbent in the House. During the 1978 election, 79... If you want to get a full(a) essay, order it on our website:

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